ubuntu grub

2015/01/2011:00:22 发表评论


 Boot Info Script e7fc706 + Boot-Repair extra info      [Boot-Info 23Nov2014]


============================= Boot Info Summary: ===============================

 => Grub2 (v1.99) is installed in the MBR of /dev/sda and looks at sector
    29045480 of the same hard drive for core.img. core.img is at this location
    and looks for (,msdos1)/boot/grub on this drive.

sda1: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       ext4
    Boot sector type:  -
    Boot sector info:
    Operating System:  Ubuntu 11.10
    Boot files:        /boot/grub/grub.cfg /etc/fstab /boot/grub/core.img
                       /boot/grub/i386-pc/core.img

============================ Drive/Partition Info: =============================

Drive: sda _____________________________________________________________________

Disk /dev/sda: 17.2 GB, 17179869184 bytes
64 heads, 32 sectors/track, 16384 cylinders, total 33554432 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes

Partition  Boot  Start Sector    End Sector  # of Sectors  Id System

/dev/sda1    *             32    33,554,431    33,554,400  83 Linux


"blkid" output: ________________________________________________________________

Device           UUID                                   TYPE       LABEL

/dev/loop0                                              squashfs   
/dev/sda1        e4ec0e3d-6879-4e19-81e1-88feda441117   ext4       
/dev/sr0                                                iso9660    Ubuntu 14.04 LTS amd64

========================= "ls -l /dev/disk/by-id" output: ======================

total 0
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 9 Jan 20  2015 ata-VMware_Virtual_IDE_CDROM_Drive_00000000000000000001 -> ../../sr0

================================ Mount points: =================================

Device           Mount_Point              Type       Options

/dev/loop0       /rofs                    squashfs   (ro,noatime)
/dev/sda1        /mnt/zf                  ext4       (rw)
/dev/sr0         /cdrom                   iso9660    (ro,noatime)


=========================== sda1/boot/grub/grub.cfg: ===========================

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
# DO NOT EDIT THIS FILE
#
# It is automatically generated by grub-mkconfig using templates
# from /etc/grub.d and settings from /etc/default/grub
#

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/00_header ###
if [ -s $prefix/grubenv ]; then
  set have_grubenv=true
  load_env
fi
set default="0"
if [ "${prev_saved_entry}" ]; then
  set saved_entry="${prev_saved_entry}"
  save_env saved_entry
  set prev_saved_entry=
  save_env prev_saved_entry
  set boot_once=true
fi

function savedefault {
  if [ -z "${boot_once}" ]; then
    saved_entry="${chosen}"
    save_env saved_entry
  fi
}

function recordfail {
  set recordfail=1
  if [ -n "${have_grubenv}" ]; then if [ -z "${boot_once}" ]; then save_env recordfail; fi; fi
}

function load_video {
  insmod vbe
  insmod vga
  insmod video_bochs
  insmod video_cirrus
}

insmod part_msdos
insmod ext2
set root='(hd0,msdos1)'
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root e4ec0e3d-6879-4e19-81e1-88feda441117
if loadfont /usr/share/grub/unicode.pf2 ; then
  set gfxmode=auto
  load_video
  insmod gfxterm
  insmod part_msdos
  insmod ext2
  set root='(hd0,msdos1)'
  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root e4ec0e3d-6879-4e19-81e1-88feda441117
  set locale_dir=($root)/boot/grub/locale
  set lang=en_US
  insmod gettext
fi
terminal_output gfxterm
if [ "${recordfail}" = 1 ]; then
  set timeout=10
else
  set timeout=10
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/00_header ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/05_debian_theme ###
set menu_color_normal=white/black
set menu_color_highlight=black/light-gray
### END /etc/grub.d/05_debian_theme ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/10_linux ###
if [ ${recordfail} != 1 ]; then
  if [ -e ${prefix}/gfxblacklist.txt ]; then
    if hwmatch ${prefix}/gfxblacklist.txt 3; then
      if [ ${match} = 0 ]; then
        set linux_gfx_mode=keep
      else
        set linux_gfx_mode=text
      fi
    else
      set linux_gfx_mode=text
    fi
  else
    set linux_gfx_mode=keep
  fi
else
  set linux_gfx_mode=text
fi
export linux_gfx_mode
if [ "$linux_gfx_mode" != "text" ]; then load_video; fi
menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 3.0.0-12-server' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os {
    recordfail
    set gfxpayload=$linux_gfx_mode
    insmod gzio
    insmod part_msdos
    insmod ext2
    set root='(hd0,msdos1)'
    search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root e4ec0e3d-6879-4e19-81e1-88feda441117
    linux    /boot/vmlinuz-3.0.0-12-server root=UUID=e4ec0e3d-6879-4e19-81e1-88feda441117 ro   
    initrd    /boot/initrd.img-3.0.0-12-server
}
menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 3.0.0-12-server (recovery mode)' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os {
    recordfail
    insmod gzio
    insmod part_msdos
    insmod ext2
    set root='(hd0,msdos1)'
    search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root e4ec0e3d-6879-4e19-81e1-88feda441117
    echo    'Loading Linux 3.0.0-12-server ...'
    linux    /boot/vmlinuz-3.0.0-12-server root=UUID=e4ec0e3d-6879-4e19-81e1-88feda441117 ro recovery nomodeset
    echo    'Loading initial ramdisk ...'
    initrd    /boot/initrd.img-3.0.0-12-server
}
### END /etc/grub.d/10_linux ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/20_linux_xen ###
### END /etc/grub.d/20_linux_xen ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/20_memtest86+ ###
menuentry "Memory test (memtest86+)" {
    insmod part_msdos
    insmod ext2
    set root='(hd0,msdos1)'
    search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root e4ec0e3d-6879-4e19-81e1-88feda441117
    linux16    /boot/memtest86+.bin
}
menuentry "Memory test (memtest86+, serial console 115200)" {
    insmod part_msdos
    insmod ext2
    set root='(hd0,msdos1)'
    search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root e4ec0e3d-6879-4e19-81e1-88feda441117
    linux16    /boot/memtest86+.bin console=ttyS0,115200n8
}
### END /etc/grub.d/20_memtest86+ ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/30_os-prober ###
### END /etc/grub.d/30_os-prober ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/40_custom ###
# This file provides an easy way to add custom menu entries.  Simply type the
# menu entries you want to add after this comment.  Be careful not to change
# the 'exec tail' line above.
### END /etc/grub.d/40_custom ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/41_custom ###
if [ -f  $prefix/custom.cfg ]; then
  source $prefix/custom.cfg;
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/41_custom ###
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

=============================== sda1/etc/fstab: ================================

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /etc/fstab: static file system information.
#
# Use 'blkid' to print the universally unique identifier for a
# device; this may be used with UUID= as a more robust way to name devices
# that works even if disks are added and removed. See fstab(5).
#
# <file system> <mount point>   <type>  <options>       <dump>  <pass>
proc            /proc           proc    nodev,noexec,nosuid 0       0
# / was on /dev/sda1 during installation
UUID=9fb1614f-5e3d-49de-9ad1-2c0ab0ee6440 /               ext4    errors=remount-ro 0       0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

=============================== StdErr Messages: ===============================

File descriptor 9 (/proc/6365/mounts) leaked on lvs invocation. Parent PID 14790: bash
File descriptor 63 (pipe:[48015]) leaked on lvs invocation. Parent PID 14790: bash
  No volume groups found

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION :
=================== log of boot-repair 2015-01-20__02h50 ===================
boot-repair version : 4ppa32
boot-sav version : 4ppa32
glade2script version : 3.2.2~ppa47~saucy
boot-sav-extra version : 4ppa32
boot-repair is executed in live-session (Ubuntu 14.04 LTS, trusty, Ubuntu, x86_64)
CPU op-mode(s):        32-bit, 64-bit
file=/cdrom/preseed/ubuntu.seed boot=casper initrd=/casper/initrd.lz quiet splash -- maybe-ubiquity
ls: cannot access /home/usr/.config: No such file or directory

=================== os-prober:
/dev/sda1:Ubuntu 11.10 (11.10):Ubuntu:linux

=================== blkid:
/dev/loop0: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/sr0: LABEL="Ubuntu 14.04 LTS amd64" TYPE="iso9660"
/dev/sda1: UUID="e4ec0e3d-6879-4e19-81e1-88feda441117" TYPE="ext4"


1 disks with OS, 1 OS : 1 Linux, 0 MacOS, 0 Windows, 0 unknown type OS.


=================== /mnt/zf/etc/grub.d/ :
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root    4096 Dec  9  2013 grub.d
total 56
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 6726 Nov 14  2012 00_header
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 5522 Nov 14  2012 05_debian_theme
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 7269 Nov 14  2012 10_linux
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 6344 Nov 14  2012 20_linux_xen
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 1588 May  2  2011 20_memtest86+
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 7545 Nov 14  2012 30_os-prober
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  214 Nov 14  2012 40_custom
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root   95 Nov 14  2012 41_custom
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  483 Nov 14  2012 README

 


=================== /mnt/zf/etc/default/grub :

# If you change this file, run 'update-grub' afterwards to update
# /boot/grub/grub.cfg.
# For full documentation of the options in this file, see:
#   info -f grub -n 'Simple configuration'

GRUB_DEFAULT=0
#GRUB_HIDDEN_TIMEOUT=1
GRUB_HIDDEN_TIMEOUT_QUIET=true
GRUB_TIMEOUT=2
GRUB_RECORDFAIL_TIMEOUT=2
GRUB_DISTRIBUTOR=`lsb_release -i -s 2> /dev/null || echo Debian`
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT=""
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=""

# Uncomment to enable BadRAM filtering, modify to suit your needs
# This works with Linux (no patch required) and with any kernel that obtains
# the memory map information from GRUB (GNU Mach, kernel of FreeBSD ...)
#GRUB_BADRAM="0x01234567,0xfefefefe,0x89abcdef,0xefefefef"

# Uncomment to disable graphical terminal (grub-pc only)
#GRUB_TERMINAL=console

# The resolution used on graphical terminal
# note that you can use only modes which your graphic card supports via VBE
# you can see them in real GRUB with the command `vbeinfo'
#GRUB_GFXMODE=1024x768

# Uncomment if you don't want GRUB to pass "root=UUID=xxx" parameter to Linux
#GRUB_DISABLE_LINUX_UUID=true

# Uncomment to disable generation of recovery mode menu entries
#GRUB_DISABLE_RECOVERY="true"

# Uncomment to get a beep at grub start
#GRUB_INIT_TUNE="480 440 1"

 

=================== sda1recordfail=1/grub/grubenv :
recordfail=1

 


=================== UEFI/Legacy mode:
This live-session is not in EFI-mode.
SecureBoot maybe enabled.


=================== PARTITIONS & DISKS:
sda1    : sda,    not-sepboot,    grubenv-ng    grub2,    grub-pc ,    update-grub,    64,    with-boot,    is-os,    not--efi--part,    fstab-without-boot,    fstab-without-efi,    no-nt,    no-winload,    no-recov-nor-hid,    no-bmgr,    notwinboot,    apt-get,    grub-install,    with--usr,    fstab-without-usr,    not-sep-usr,    standard,    not-far,    /mnt/zf.

sda    : not-GPT,    BIOSboot-not-needed,    has-no-EFIpart,     not-usb,    has-os,    32 sectors * 512 bytes


=================== parted -l:

Model: VMware Virtual disk (scsi)
Disk /dev/sda: 17.2GB
Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B
Partition Table: msdos

Number  Start   End     Size    Type     File system  Flags
1      16.4kB  17.2GB  17.2GB  primary  ext4


Warning: Unable to open /dev/sr0 read-write (Read-only file system).  /dev/sr0 has been opened read-only.
Error: Can't have a partition outside the disk!

=================== parted -lm:

BYT;
/dev/sda:17.2GB:scsi:512:512:msdos:VMware Virtual disk;
1:16.4kB:17.2GB:17.2GB:ext4::;

Warning: Unable to open /dev/sr0 read-write (Read-only file system).  /dev/sr0 has been opened read-only.
Error: Can't have a partition outside the disk!

 


=================== mount:
/cow on / type overlayfs (rw)
proc on /proc type proc (rw,noexec,nosuid,nodev)
sysfs on /sys type sysfs (rw,noexec,nosuid,nodev)
udev on /dev type devtmpfs (rw,mode=0755)
devpts on /dev/pts type devpts (rw,noexec,nosuid,gid=5,mode=0620)
tmpfs on /run type tmpfs (rw,noexec,nosuid,size=10%,mode=0755)
/dev/sr0 on /cdrom type iso9660 (ro,noatime)
/dev/loop0 on /rofs type squashfs (ro,noatime)
none on /sys/fs/cgroup type tmpfs (rw)
none on /sys/fs/fuse/connections type fusectl (rw)
none on /sys/kernel/debug type debugfs (rw)
none on /sys/kernel/security type securityfs (rw)
tmpfs on /tmp type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,nodev)
none on /run/lock type tmpfs (rw,noexec,nosuid,nodev,size=5242880)
none on /run/shm type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,nodev)
none on /run/user type tmpfs (rw,noexec,nosuid,nodev,size=104857600,mode=0755)
none on /sys/fs/pstore type pstore (rw)
systemd on /sys/fs/cgroup/systemd type cgroup (rw,noexec,nosuid,nodev,none,name=systemd)
gvfsd-fuse on /run/user/999/gvfs type fuse.gvfsd-fuse (rw,nosuid,nodev,user=ubuntu)
/dev/sda1 on /mnt/zf type ext4 (rw)


=================== ls:
/sys/block/fd0 (filtered):  alignment_offset bdi capability dev device discard_alignment events events_async events_poll_msecs ext_range holders inflight power queue range removable ro size slaves stat subsystem trace uevent
/sys/block/sda (filtered):  alignment_offset bdi capability dev device discard_alignment events events_async events_poll_msecs ext_range holders inflight power queue range removable ro sda1 size slaves stat subsystem trace uevent
/sys/block/sr0 (filtered):  alignment_offset bdi capability dev device discard_alignment events events_async events_poll_msecs ext_range holders inflight power queue range removable ro size slaves stat subsystem trace uevent
/dev (filtered):  agpgart autofs block bsg btrfs-control cdrom char console core cpu cpu_dma_latency cuse disk dri ecryptfs fb0 fd fd0 full fuse hpet input kmsg log lp0 mapper mcelog mem net network_latency network_throughput null parport0 port ppp psaux ptmx pts random rfkill rtc rtc0 sda sda1 sg0 sg1 shm snapshot snd sr0 stderr stdin stdout uhid uinput urandom vga_arbiter vhost-net vmci zero
ls /dev/mapper:  control

=================== df -Th:

Filesystem     Type       Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/cow           overlayfs 1002M  115M  887M  12% /
udev           devtmpfs   990M   12K  990M   1% /dev
tmpfs          tmpfs      201M 1016K  200M   1% /run
/dev/sr0       iso9660    964M  964M     0 100% /cdrom
/dev/loop0     squashfs   923M  923M     0 100% /rofs
none           tmpfs      4.0K     0  4.0K   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
tmpfs          tmpfs     1002M   28K 1001M   1% /tmp
none           tmpfs      5.0M  4.0K  5.0M   1% /run/lock
none           tmpfs     1002M   80K 1001M   1% /run/shm
none           tmpfs      100M   68K  100M   1% /run/user
/dev/sda1      ext4        16G   14G  1.3G  92% /mnt/zf

=================== fdisk -l:

Disk /dev/sda: 17.2 GB, 17179869184 bytes
64 heads, 32 sectors/track, 16384 cylinders, total 33554432 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0xa6971fe8

Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
/dev/sda1              32    33554431    16777200   83  Linux


Partition outside the disk detected.

=================== Recommended repair
The default repair of the Boot-Repair utility will reinstall the grub2 of sda1 into the MBR of sda.
The boot flag will be placed on sda1.
Additional repair will be performed: unhide-bootmenu-10s


parted /dev/sda set 1 boot on
                                                                            Information: You may need to update /etc/fstab.

Unhide GRUB boot menu in sda1/etc/default/grub

*******lspci -nnk | grep -iA3 vga
00:0f.0 VGA compatible controller [0300]: VMware SVGA II Adapter [15ad:0405]
Subsystem: VMware SVGA II Adapter [15ad:0405]
Kernel driver in use: vmwgfx
00:11.0 PCI bridge [0604]: VMware PCI bridge [15ad:0790] (rev 02)
00:15.0 PCI bridge [0604]: VMware PCI Express Root Port [15ad:07a0] (rev 01)
*******

grub-install --version
grub-install (GRUB) 1.99-12ubuntu5.1,grub-install (GRUB) 1.

Reinstall the GRUB of sda1 into the MBR of sda
/usr/sbin/grub-setup: warn: Attempting to install GRUB to a disk with multiple partition labels or both partition label and filesystem.  This is not supported yet..
/usr/sbin/grub-setup: warn: Embedding is not possible.  GRUB can only be installed in this setup by using blocklists.  However, blocklists are UNRELIABLE and their use is discouraged..
/usr/sbin/grub-setup: error: will not proceed with blocklists.
grub-install /dev/sda: exit code of grub-install /dev/sda:1
/usr/sbin/grub-setup: warn: Attempting to install GRUB to a disk with multiple partition labels or both partition label and filesystem.  This is not supported yet..
/usr/sbin/grub-setup: warn: Embedding is not possible.  GRUB can only be installed in this setup by using blocklists.  However, blocklists are UNRELIABLE and their use is discouraged..
grub-install --force /dev/sda: Installation finished. No error reported.
exit code of grub-install /dev/sda:0

chroot /mnt/zf update-grub
Generating grub.cfg ...
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-3.0.0-12-server
Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-3.0.0-12-server
Found memtest86+ image: /boot/memtest86+.bin
Unhide GRUB boot menu in sda1/boot/grub/grub.cfg

Boot successfully repaired.

You can now reboot your computer.

 

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